Cataract Surgery – What All You Need To Know?

Though cataracts are a common amongst people over 65 years, they can happen in one or both even in the age group of 50 plus. Cataracts are common because they are only a result of aging process. Cataract causes the lens in our eye to become cloudy and results into vision loss inspite of wearing spectacles. This can happen in one eye or both as well. The cataract surgery is performed to remove the cloudy lens and replace it with an artificial lens known as intraocular lens in order to restore clarity in vision. It is a very simple and speedy surgery which requires just around 15-20 minutes of time. No overnight stay is required and the patient is discharged the same day within few hours of the surgery.

The cataract surgery performed these days is a very advanced one known a phacoemulsification or ‘phaco’ carried out using a high frequency ultrasound device that has the ability to break down the cloudy lens into pieces. These are then removed gently from the eye with the help of suction. ‘Phaco’ has greatly reduced the complications of eyes which the earlier surgeries had a risk part of it, besides the advantage of faster healing.

Cataract Surgery

The process typically includes the surgeon removing the cloudy lens from the eye and then inserting the intraocular lens and positioning is properly behind the pupil and iris exactly at the location of the natural lens. It very rare but sometimes in special cases the lens is placed in the front of the iris and pupil instead of the back. The procedure is concluded by closing the incision in the eye with a stitch or sometimes without it. In order to further protect the eye in the early stages of the surgery, a shield is placed over it as well.

Cataract Surgery – After Care

  • The eye drops provided by the doctor have to be used as per the doctor’s recommendation so as to avoid watering or itching.
  • Regular day to day activities can be performed as usual but some of them need to be restricted. Activities like reading, watching TV, walking and writing can be done but activities like lifting heavy loads, bending a lot and likes need to be restricted.
  • Do not perform strenuous exercises but light can do.
  • Wear your protective eye covering all the time even when sleeping. Do not sleep on the side of the operated eye.
  • Avoid water contact with the eyes during bath or shower.
  • Do not rub your eyes because it can cause infection.
  • Restrict yourself from swimming for atleast two weeks.
  • Do not drive for atleast 24 hours after surgery.
  • Avoid wearing any kind of eye makeup as well until your doctor permits.


RRMCH one of the best ophthalmology/eye hospitals in Bangalore for LASIK operations, Dr Vijay Kumar Srivastava eye specialist in bangalore


As we age our bones start becoming in brittle as they tend to lose their bone density. The risk of injuries increases and hence it becomes important that we pay attention to our bone health and stay away from orthopaedic injuries.
Throughout the aging process of the body, there is bone loss and old bones are absorbed with the creation of the new bone. The bone health depends on apparently the balance between the old and the new bones. Bone loss also happens across your lifespan when the body absorbs calcium and phosphate in high quantity from the bones.
Hence, you need to be aware and work on keeping your bones strong enough. Here are a few tips you can use to keep your bones healthy throughout and decrease if not stop the rapid weakening of the bones.


Avoid Addictions – Smoking and alcohol can affect your bone health hence avoid smoking as far as possible and keep your alcohol habits at bay.

Balance your Diet – as they say you are what you eat, so keep yourself fit by eating a balanced diet and avoiding junk. Add a bit of walking, jogging or exercise to your daily routine. This will certainly make you fitter and enhance your bone health too.

Vitamin D Profile Check – Many women after pregnancy tend to lose vitamin D from the body. As Vitamin D is required for absorbing calcium also, its an essential component as calcium is bone food. So, getting Vitamin D profile checked is advisable and if low, vitamin D supplement intake is required.

Heath Check – A routine health check is important so as to know how your body and bones are doing. So meet up your physician and if required get your tests done to check your body and bone health. Based on the findings the doctor will recommend you further action.

Well, small inclusions and exclusions in your daily lifestyle can go a long way in maintaining your bone health and reducing bone injuries or spine injuries and keep you independent and strong.


RRMCH has got the best team of orthopaedic doctors in Bangalore. RRMCH has got many reviews as best orthopedic hospital in Bangalore by treating all kinds of RTA


Spider veins and varicose veins both are disorders related to the vein but are different in nature. Apparently, there are numerous differences between the two disorders. Let’s know more about these veins and how they differ from each other.

spider veins vs varicose veins

Spider Veins – As the name suggests, these veins are web like veins, small and wispy and are located on the skin surface. The diameter is usually less than one millimeter and is red or purple in color. They appear on the surface in clusters or nests and resemble a bruise.

Varicose Veins – These veins are blue in color and are placede under the skin as a bulge as they are larger in size compared to spider veins. Like spider veins, even these veins are visible.


Spider Veins – Spider veins are caused due to genetic issues and sometimes due to obesity or hormonal changes as well as prolonged standing or sitting.

Varicose Veins – When the valves don’t function properly, it leads to varicose veins. The function of valves normally is to allow the blood flow from the leg to the direction of the heart. But in case of varicose veins the blood flow is backward to the leg, thus increasing the pressure on the vein, elongating them and causing them to change their shape into a curve or a twist.


Spider Veins – They veins do not cause any problems other and a few appearance issues. There are no visible symptoms as well. So the treatment is centered around improving the looks.

Varicose Veins – A person suffering from varicose veins might experience pressure, pain, and heaviness. It might also cause fatigue, jittery legs and itching at times. When there is malfunctioning of veins deep inside the leg, it could lead to swelling due to vein insufficiency.


Spider Veins – Spider veins are only treated for improving the looks or appearance otherwise not other treatment is required generally.

Varicose Veins – To treat varicose veins techniques that are minimally invasive are usually used. The treatments include sclerotherapy, faulty vein ablation, and excision or mini phlebectomy.

Sclerotherapy – An injection that consists of a dilute solution is injected into the veins for shutting them down. It is generally used for the treatment of smaller veins but can be used at the time for larger ones as well.

Endovenous Ablation – This process is a minimally invasive procedure and does not remove all the faulty veins through traditional surgery like in the past but the objective of the treatment is to ablate or block the faulty veins.

Phlebectomy – This procedure is also another minimally invasive procedure and involves using a little scalpel or needle to remove the varicose veins that are located just below the leg surface.