Monsoon And Child Health Issues

Well, everyone loves the rains, more so the foodies as the season where you hog on hot pakoras or samosas, bhutta or chalebi while sipping on your hot piping tea. Coming to the flip side Monsoon does bring along health hazards in form of illness like Dengue, Jaundice, Cholera, Malaria, thypoid, Gastro-intestinal infections, hepatitis A. Here’s a run-down five of the most common illness viral/bacteria borne, that you need to protect your child from –

Dengue – Caused by the Aedes aegypti mosquito, Dengue mosquitos breed in stagnant water be it flower pots, buckets, tree holes or drums etc. The incubation period is four to seven days after being bitten. The symptoms include high grade fever with decreasing platelet count as well as rashes. To prevent dengue try to keep your body covered as much as possible and use mosquito repellents. Citronella is a good mosquito repellent plant.

Diarrhoea – This is one condition that can be prevented with proper precautions as it is caused because of unhygienic food and water consumption. The best way to prevent it is to drink boiled water and eat home cooked food. Both the types of diarrhea, chronic as well as acute can be managed through appropriate and timely treatment.

Typhoid This is another waterborne condition that is caused by S typhi bacteria. The main reason is poor sanitation. The symptoms include weakness, pain, fever as well as sore throat to name a few. This condition can also be prevented by avoiding street food, keeping your hands clean and keeping yourself hydrated with healthy fluids.

Malaria – This is also a water borne condition that is caused due to the female anopheles mosquito. This mosquito breeds in water logged areas and hence is a common condition in monsoon. The symptoms include fever with chills or shivering, body ache and weakness, etc. The best way to prevent the cause of malaria is to keep surroundings clean especially water tanks.

Jaundice – Jaundice is also a water borne disease that could go serious if not treated properly. This is again a result of consuming contaminated food and water. The symptoms of jaundice include yellow eyes and urine, weakness and liver dysfunction.

*Sourced from the Internet

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Fast Facts About Swine Flu (H1N1)

Swine Flu or H1N1 is also another common condition in India just like Dengue. Both these conditions do not have any cure as of now and research is still on to find one. The year 2019 began with the onset of Swine flu in many states including Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra and Gujarat. Sadly, the former defense minister of India George Fernandes, who was suffering from Alziemer’s was down with swine flu and passed away in the beginning of the year. Here are a few facts around Swine Flu. After that it was BJP party head Amit Shah, with H1N1 and admitted for treatment.

Swine Flu – The Condition

Swine is affects the respiratory tracts of a human body and is caused due to Influenza Viruses. It is known as swine flu as it affects the respiratory tracts of pigs leading to barking cough, nasal secretions, decreased appetite and more.

Swine flu is contagious and can transmit to humans very easily because of the ability of viruses to mutate.

Swine flu symptoms are not different from general flu infections. This could include headache, fever of (100 F or more), fatigue and runny nose.

The incubation period for swine flu is one to four days and it is contagious just a day before the symptoms surface upto seven days afterwards. Though in some patients, the time span could be longer.

While some have approved medications like Baloxavir marboxil, xofluza, rapivab do help in prevention/ reducing side effects of swine flu. Though there is still speculation on the same and many disagree stating antivirals don’t have any side-affect.

Complications of Swine flu include pneumonia.

Well, Swine flu can transform into a life threatening condition if not treated on time and hence it is important to consult the doctor if you find symptoms of flu for 3 to 4 days.

*Sourced from the Internet

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Second Hand Smoke Is Also Dangerous To Health

We are aware how dangerous smoking is for health, but second hand smoke viz. the smoke that we inhale when someone else is smoking could be life threatening too. As per statistics second hand smoke is known to cause over 3000 deaths due to heart disease to non-smokers.

Second hand smoke can be particularly harmful to children because their lungs are still under development. Many children inhale this dangerous smoke at home if their parents or family members smoke, primarily. Even parents who smoke outside risk their children to harmful chemicals because of second hand smoke.

Also, known as environmental tobacco smoke, the smoke that is breathed out as well as the smoke that is released from pipes, cigars, burning cigarettes, cigars or pipes contains around 4000 chemicals. Almost 50 of these chemicals are carcinogenic and are known to increase the risk of cancer.

The American Academy of pediatrics (AAP) did a research on third hand smoke also. Third hand smoke is the smoke that is left behind in areas where people smoke. Though people leave the place after smoking, the harmful toxins remain for a while for example in bars, upholstery, even child’s hair if the care taker smokes.

Well, second hand smoke and third hand smoke both are harmful to adults, children and even the unborn developing ones. Unborn and children are at a higher risk. Children whose parents smoke cough more than children generally do. They are at the risk of getting coughs and colds, tooth decay, ear infections and respiratory problems. Children suffering from asthma are particularly prone to second hand smoke as it can lead to asthma attacks that to frequent and severe leading to a rise in hospital visits.

Well, so if you think that only smoking is injuries to health, you are certainly not right, its also the people around the smokers that are at the risk inspite of being not guilty of smoking. Take care. Quit now.

*Sourced from the Internet

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